Democratic Republic of Congo media profile
DR Congo has an extensive media environment, but operations are hampered by punitive legislation and widespread insecurity, especially in the east.
The local media watchdog Journaliste en Danger (JED) said it recorded 124 cases of press freedom violations in 2022, including the closures of 17 broadcast outlets, death threats against 49 journalists and the killing of one journalist.
The JED recorded 110 such cases in 2021 and 116 cases in 2020.
Military rule in the chronically volatile eastern regions of Nord Kivu and Ituri has heightened restrictions on journalists reporting on the conflict that involves over 120 armed groups, many of them with links to neighbouring Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda. Insurgent groups have also targeted journalists, who operate in an environment of fear.
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