Chechnya media guide
Chechnya has no opposition media and state-run outlets toe the official line.
Reporters Without Borders (RSF) includes President Kadyrov on its list of "Predators of Press Freedom". It says he has no hesitation about dictating editorial policies.
"The very few journalists who still dare to defy the official consensus and obligatory pro-government enthusiasm are warned or threatened, and pressure is put on relatives," RSF says.
TV is the most popular medium and Russian stations are widely available. Local TV broadcasts under the umbrella of ChGTRK, which is run by the Chechen authorities.
Continue read on bbc.com